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Today’s Observances: July 16-17

July 16
The world:
National Day of Remembrance of the victims of racist and anti-Semitic persecutions by the French State and of tribute to the righteous of France. On July 16-17, 1942, police officers gather over 13,000 Jews at the Parisian indoor cycle-racing track, who are then handed over to the Germans. The day was commemorated for the first time in 1993.
On this date in Bulgarian history:
1877: Russian troops liberate town of Nikopol in Russo-Turkish War.
2006: Bulgaria acquires active observer status in Europol Security Committee.
2007: First aerospace monitoring centre is unveiled at National Civil Protection Service.
July 17
The world:
– National Day of Iraq: Revolution Day (1968).
On this date in Bulgarian history:
813: Khan Krum lays siege to Constantinople.   
1393: Bulgaria falls under Ottoman rule. Sultan Bayezid I’s army takes Turnovo, capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, liquidating all Bulgarian institutions.
1877: Advance detachment of Russian army crosses Balkan Range to liberate town of Kazanluk from Ottoman rule during 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War.
1879: Ministry of War is set up.
1932: Aquarium in Varna is unveiled.
1942: Speaking on Hristo Botev Radio, communist leader Georgi Dimitrov announces the programme of the Fatherland Front, a Bulgarian political resistance movement during World War II. 
1998: Bulgaria signs Central European Free Trade Agreement to become its seventh member state.
2007: The High Judicial Council of Libya commutes the death sentences of five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor to life imprisonment. The medics are found guilty of deliberately causing an AIDS outbreak in the Libyan city of Benghazi.